Tag Archives: Salem Maritime NHS

September 2017 Stamps – Crossroads of the Revolution and More!

Campers at Rob Hill in Golden Gate National Recreation Area can get a new Passport Stamp and may want to take a walk to check out the Golden Gate Bridge or the Fort Point National Historic Site. Photo from 2015.

The new stamps for September 2017 (yes, 2017 – but we’re happy to be back) are highlighted by a plethora of stamps for the Crossroads of the American Revolution National Heritage Area, and a few more:

Golden Gate National Recreation Area | Rob Hill

Salem Maritime National Historic Site |

      • America’s First
      • Hawkes House
      • St. Joseph Hall

Yellowstone National Park | Bechler Ranger Station

Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail | Smallwood State Park, MD

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail |

      • Old Jefferson, TN
      • Webber Falls Museum, OK

Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area |

      • Copake Iron Works
      •  Sleepy Hollow Cemetery
      • Woodstock Playhouse

Crossroads of the American Revolution National Heritage Area |

      • Abraham Clark Memorial House
      • Battle of Connecticut Farms
      • Battle of Springfield
      • Battle of the Short Hills
      • Belcher-Ogden Mansion
      • Boxwood Hall
      • Caldwell Parsonage
      • Cannonball House
      • Carter House
      • Deacon Andrew Hetfield House
      • Drake House
      • Dr William Robinson Plantation
      • Elizabeth and Gershom Frazee House
      • First Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth
      • King’s Highway
      • Liberty Hall
      • Littell-Lord Farmstead
      • Merchants & Drovers Tavern
      • Miller-Cory House
      • Osborn Cannonball House
      • Plainfield Meeting House
      • Salt Box Museum
      • Snyder Academy
      • St. John’s Parsonage
      • The Deserted Village
      • Washington-Rochambeau NHT
      • Woodruff House – Eaton Store Museum
The Battle of Short Hills is one of many stamps this month for the Crossroads of the Revolution National Heritage Area. Photo credit: Brian Bailey, 2017

Working in reverse order this month, the most notable addition to the Passport Program are the 27 stamps for the Crossroads of the Revolution National Heritage Area.  Although this Heritage Area includes sites associated with the Revolutionary War across 14 counties in central New Jersey, all 27 of this month’s additions are located in Union County New Jersey, which is part of the greater New York City metropolitan area.   Many of the historic sites in Union County have limited hours, some as little as one weekend a month, and others are even open only by appointment only.  However, Union County hosts a “Four Centuries in a Weekend” event each year during the third weekend in October, when all of these sites will be open.   So make your plans for this coming October accordingly!

If you aren’t up for visiting all 27 sites in Union County, a few of these sites are more strongly connected to the primary Revolutionary War mission of this National Heritage Area.

The Battle of the Short Hills was fought on June 26, 1777 over a stretch of 12 miles.  The stamp can be found at the Ash Brook Reservation County Park, along with the stamp for the Washington-Rochambeau NHT.  The Ash Brook Reservation is a nature preserve protecting in part some authentic New Jersey swamp.   The Elizabeth and Gershom Frazee House in Scotch Plains briefly saw the arrival of British troops during the battle.  Also in Plainfield are the Osborn Cannonball House, which was struck by a British cannonball, and the Drake House, which was once used as Washington’s Headquarters during the battle.  The nearby Plainfield Meetinghouse was built in 1788 by the Quakers and is still an active Quaker community to this day.

The Battle of Connecticut Farms was a three-hour engagement fought on June 7, 1780 in the town of Union, NJ.   The stamp for this battle can be found at the Caldwell Parsonage in Union.  The current Caldwell Parsonage was rebuilt in 1782 after the original was burned by the British following the Battle of Connecticut Farms.   The historic home features a painting of the battle, as well as both stamps.

The Battle of Springfield occurred two weeks later on June 23, 1780, and is known primarily as the last Revolutionary War battle fought in the northern colonies before the fateful Battle of Yorktown in September and October 1781.  This stamp can be found at the Cannon Ball House in Springfield.  This historic home features a cannonball still lodged in its walls from the Battle of Springfield, as well as both stamps.

Boxwood Hall is another one of the many new Passport locations in Union County, New Jersey. Photo credit: Brian Bailey, 2017

The Boxwood Hall State Historic Site preserves the the former house of Elias Boudinot in Elizabeth, NJ.  Boudinot served as a President of the Continental Congress.  Nearby is the First Presbyterian Church of Elizabeth, which was burned by the British in 1780 and was rebuilt in 1790, and the St. John’s Parsonage in Elizabeth, whose earliest portions date back to the 18th Century.   The Abraham Clark Memorial House in Roselle is a 1941 replica of the house of one of New Jersey’s signers of the Declaration of Independence.  Unfortunately, the original burned in 1900.   The Liberty Hall Museum at Kean University in Union preserves the home of William Livingston.  Livingston was New Jersey’s first Governor and a signer of the Constitution. The Carter House in Summit and the Miller-Cory House in Westfield each date back to the 1740’s.  The Miller-Cory House in particular now operates as a living history museum, with frequent special events.

By contrast, the Dr. William Robinson Plantation in Clark and the Belcher-Ogden Mansion in Elizabeth both date all the way back to New Jersey’s earliest colonial times in the 17th Century.

A number of other sites preserve the post-Revolutionary War history of Union County.  The Deserted Village Visitor Center is in the Watchung Reservation County Park.  The Deserted Village is a former company town created by New York businessman David Felt in 1845, and thus was known as “Feltville” in its hey day.  Also dating to the 19th Century are the Littell-Lord Farmstead in Berkeley Heights, the Merchants and Drovers Tavern Museum in Rahway, and the Salt Box Museum in New Providence.  The Salt Box Museum is so-named because the unusual way in which two historic houses were joined together in the mid-19th century left a visual impression that resembled a salt box. The Merchants and Drovers Tavern also includes the stamp for King’s Highway.  The King’s Highway was a colonial-era road connecting Boston, Massachusetts to Charleston, South Carolina. It was built over a period of more than 80 years on the orders of Britain’s Charles II beginning in 1650.   Astute Passport observers may note that there is also a Crossroads of the Revolution NHA stamp for “Maidenhead Road/King’s Highway, NJ” located at the David Brearley House in Lawrenceville, near Trenton.  That stamp was discussed by Parkasaurus in June 2016.

Some of the locations have origins hundreds of years ago as well as 20th Century significance.  The Woodruff House-Eaton Store of Hillside, which includes an 18th-Century House, a circa-1900 neighborhood store, and a museum devoted to former New York Yankees baseball player Phil Rizzuto.  The Deacon Andrew Hetfield House in Mountainside was built in 1760, and was expanded in the 19th Century, and later became the home of MacKinlay Kantor.  Kantor is the author of the Civil War novel Andersonville, about the Confederate Prisoner of War Camp preserved in Georgia as Andersonville National Historic Site.

Smallwood State Park in Maryland is the latest Passport addition to the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail. Photo Credit: Cohee from Wikimedia Commons

The new stamp for Smallwood State Park on the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail joins an existing stamp for the Captain John Chesapeake National Historic Trail at this location, which was released along with quite a few others in September 2015 | Parkasaurus.  The site preserves the summer estate of Revolutionary War General and former Maryland Governor William Smallwood.

The Golden Gate National Recreation Area includes a number of parklands in and around the city of San Francisco, California.  Among the many properties included is the former military installation known as “The Presidio.”  Rob Hill is the name of the group campground maintained by the Presidio Trust, one of the non-profit partners of the Golden Gate NRA, on the grounds of the The Presidio, right in the heart of the city of San Francisco.

Salem Maritime National Historic Site was actually the first National Park Service area to be dedicated a National Historic Site, back in March 1938.   One of its new stamps this month commemorates this landmark status.   The Park itself includes approximately 10 historic buildings, and the other two new stamps complement the five new stamps issued in July 2016.

Yellowstone National Park already has 14 Passport Cancellations.   However, the new cancellation for the Bechler Ranger Station in the lightly-visited southwest corner of the Park adds a new twist the Passport itinerary for Yellowstone.   There are no roads connecting the southwest corner of the Park to the Grand Loop Road that connects almost all the other destinations in the park.  Reaching the Bechler Ranger Station will take a nearly two hour drive outside the park from Yellowstone’s West Entrance in Montana, and a more than three hour drive from Yellowstone’s South Entrance at the border with the John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway and Grand Teton National Park.

The “Old Jefferson Site” is a section of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail that was only identified by researchers in recent years.  The site is located in the East Fork Recreation Area, near Murfreesboro, TN, and is managed by the US Army Corps of Engineers.  The town of Webbers Falls, Oklahoma is named after a Cherokee Chief, Walter Webber, who established a trading post near the falls of the Arkansas River here in 1818, a dozen years before President Andrew Jackson would sign the Indian Removal Act in 1830, which officially began the “Trail of Tears.”  The Webbers Falls Museum is the historical society museum for the town.

The Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area adds three new stamps this month.  The Copake Iron Works are located very close to the New York-Massachusetts border, about halfway between Poughkeepsie and Albany.  The Sleepy Hollow Cemetery is located just north of the Tappan-Zee bridge on the east side of the Hudson River.  The town was made famous by author Washington Irving, who is buried there.  The Woodstock Playhouse is a an outdoor arts venue in the foothills of the Catskill Mountains.   The famous Woodstock Music Festival of 1969 was actually held some 40 miles away for logistical reasons, but the Woodstock Playhouse has a history of its own going back to the 1930’s.

The remains of the blast furnace at Copake Iron Works, a new Cancellation location for the Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area this month. Photo credit: IlyaSukhanov, from Wikimedia Commons
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July Stories Behind the Stamps – Stories of New England’s Economy

The historic buildings and wharves of Salem Maritime National Historic Site are among the locations with new Passport cancellations this month.
The historic buildings and wharves of Salem Maritime National Historic Site are among the locations with new Passport cancellations this month. Photo from 2005.

A large set of new stamps for this month:

Honouliuliu National Monument | Waipahu, HI

Stonewall National Monument |New York, NY

Salem Maritime National Historic Site:

      • Custom House
      • Derby House
      • Derby Light
      • Narbonne House
      • Waite & Peirce

Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park:

      • Hopedale, MA
      • Kelly House
      • Slater Mill
      • Slatersville, RI
      • Whitinsville, MA

Appalachian National Scenic Trail | Shenandoah National Park

Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership:

      • Lake George Historical Association Museum
      • Pember Museum of Natural History

Continental Divide National Scenic Trail:

      • Pinedale, WY
      • South Fork, CO
      • Pagosa Springs, CO
      • Chama, NM
      • Cuba, NM
      • Pie Town, NM
      • Silver City, NM

North Country National Scenic Trail:

      • Crown Point State Historic Site, NY
      • Madison, Wisconsin

The headliners from this group are the stamps for the newly designated Stonewall National Monument in New York City and the relatively newly designated Honouliuli National Monument outside of Honolulu, Hawaii.  Despite the name, Stonewall National Monument consists of Christopher Park, located adjacent to a bar known as the Stonewall Inn – which was famously the site of riots on June 28, 1969 protesting police harrassment of gays.  The stamp is being made avaialable at an information table in the Park, as well as each of the seven other national park sites located in Manhattan and nearby Mount Vernon, NY.

Honouliuli National Monument was added to the National Park System in March 2015.  It previously had a locally-made stamp it was using as a cancellation, this its first official Passport cancellation from Eastern National.

The Derby House is to the left of the path, and the Hawkes House is to the immediate right of the path. The Derby House is represented on one of the new stamps this month for Salem Maritime NHS.
The Derby House is to the left of the path, and the Hawkes House is to the immediate right of the path. The Derby House is represented on one of the new stamps this month for Salem Maritime NHS.  Photo from 2005.

Salem Maritime National Historic Site is located in the town just north of Boston that is perhaps most famous today for its 17th Century “witch trials.”  However, in the 17th and 18th centuries, the town of Salem was famous for its maritime trading network that stretched literally around the world.  Today, the National Park Service site encompasses the historic wharves and approximately 10 historic buildings.

On July 14, 2006, Eastern National celebrated the grand opening a new bookstore and gift shop for the Park, which they branded as “Waite & Peirce” after one of the most-prominent trading partnerships from the port’s heyday.  Aaron Waite (1742-1830) appears to have formed his partnership with Jerathmiel Peirce (1747-1827) in 1778, at the height of the American Revolutionary War with Great Britain.  Records indicate that they jointly owned the two-gun schooner, Greyhound, and they likely used it in privateering ventures – i.e. attempts to capture British merchant vessels.  After the war, Waite & Peirce built a successful mercantile enterprise that lasted until Peirce’s death in 1827.  Among their merchant vessels was the Friendship.  A fully sea-worthy replica of that boat, the Friendship of Salem, is now part of the park.

The Custom House is one of the centerpieces of the park, and the largest of the park’s historical buildings.   The Custom House is where  government officials worked who were responsible for overseeing the trade in the port of Salem and imposing the appropriate custom duties on cargo shipments.  One of those government officials was Nathaniel Hawthorne whose House with Seven Gables is not official part of the national park, but is also one of the most-significant historical sites in Salem.

The Derby House formerly belonged to the Derby family, one of Salem’s most-successful merchant families.  The Friendship of Salem is docked on Derby Wharf, which is part of the park, and the Derby Light lighthouse, which dates back to 1871, is located at the end of the Derby Wharf.   Finally, the Narbonne House is set back a little bit from Salem’s waterfront and is more typical of the residences for Salem’s working class and small business owner families.

The Blackstone River Valley National Historical Park was established just a few months before Honouliuli National Monument, in December 2014.   It received its first set of three stamps in September 2015.  The new stamps for Hopedale, MA; Whitinsville, MA; and Slatersville, RI represent the three historic districts that were included in this park by its authorizing legislation.  Interestingly, each of those stamps will be located at public libraries within those historic districts.  The National Park Service has posted some very short videos on the significance of each of the historic districts.

The other two sites are both located in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.  The historic Slater Mill is perhaps the signature attraction of this national park, with claims to being the birthplace of the industrial revolution in the United States in 1793.  The Captain Wilbur Kelly House Museum is part of the Blackstone River State Park, which encompasses a linear band of 12 miles of the Blackstone River.  Captain Kelly was a successful sea trader who went on to found a textile mill in the early 19th Century, as part of the advance of the Industrial Revolution.

Hikers along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail in Shenandoah National Park can also enjoy some of the spectacular scenery.
Hikers along the Appalachian National Scenic Trail in Shenandoah National Park can also enjoy some of the spectacular scenery.  The trail is in the foreground of this photo.  Photo from 2010.

The Appalachian National Scenic Trail  stretches some 2,200 miles from Maine to Georgia.  This stamp marks the 101 miles that lie within Shenandoah National Park.

The Continental Divide National Scenic Trail, on the other hand, stretches nearly 3,000 miles all the way from Canada to Mexico along the crest of the Rocky Mountains – although unlike the Appalachian Trail, this trail is not yet complete, and some parts of the designated route remain on private land.  Also, since the lead agency for the Continental Divide Trail is the US Forest Service, this trail is not considered to be its own unit of the National Park System.  The Continental Divide Trail does pass through four units of the National Park System.  Both Rocky Mountain National Park  in Colorado and El Malpais National Monument in New Mexico have self-made stamps, whereas there are still no Continental Divide NST stamps available at either Yellowstone or Glacier National Parks.   These seven new stamps will all be located at various rest stops and information centers along the Trail.

In addition those stamps, I’ve also updated my master list of stamp locations to include five dated unofficial stamps featuring the trail logo  offered by the Nez Perce National Historic Trail in Montana and Idaho.   The Nez Perce Trail marks the route the Nez Perce Indians and their leader, Chief Joseph, took in 1877 as they fled the U.S. Army.

I’ve also updated my list to include three unofficial dated stamps released by the Arizona National Scenic Trail, one for each of the National Park Service units that trail passes through: Coronado National Memorial, Saguaro National Park, and Grand Canyon National Park.

Visitors to Chama, New Mexico can check out not only this National Historic Landmark (mislabeled as a National Historic Site), but also a new cancellation for the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail
Visitors to Chama, New Mexico can check out not only this National Historic Landmark (mislabeled as a National Historic Site), but also a new cancellation for the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail

The Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership has been slowly adding stamps, with previous releases in October 2014 and August 2015.   The Lake George Historical Association Museum interprets the story of the resort town located on the lake of the same name in New York’s Adirondack Mountains.  The Pember Museum of Natural History is located about an hour’s drive to the east in Granville, New York.

Crown Point State Historic Site is located on the southern end of Lake Champlain, and preserves Revolutionary War-era fortifications.  Although this month it gets a stamp for the North Country National Scenic Trail, it would be a logical location for a future Champlain Valley National Heritage Patnership stamp as well.  The other North Country NST stamp this month is for the Trail Association’s headquarters in Madison, Wisconsin.

A view of the Friendship of Salem taken from the top of the historic Custom House, which is also one of the new cancellation locations at Salem Maritime NHS.
A view of the Friendship of Salem taken from the top of the historic Custom House, which is also one of the new cancellation locations at Salem Maritime NHS.

 

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